Types of Indian Railways Trains
The rail journey in India came into existence in the year 1853 with the first train running 21 miles from Mumbai to Thane with 14 railway coaches along with 400 honoured guests. Ever since Indian Railways has progressed drastically and today it is the vital means of transport carrying over 30 million passengers and 3 million tons of freight across the country every day. The Indian Railways network is the largest rail network in Asia and the second largest in the world under one management.
The rail network of India is one of the largest and busiest in the world. Nearly 10000 trains are running on a daily basis to connect twenty-eight states and two union territories. The rail connectivity to the capital cities of the North East states of Sikkim, Meghalaya, and Arunachal Pradesh is progressing and in the coming years, we can see full-fledged connectivity to every part of the country. The complex network of the railway is managed by dividing them into different zones and sub-divided into divisions.
Today the railway has seventeen zones and sixty-eight divisions, which link to the urban and rural areas of the nation. It operates on a multi-gauge system: broad, narrow, and meter gauges. It is the world's largest commercial employer with over 1.5 million employees. Besides the long-distance trains, many cities have a suburban rail network that serves the commuters.
The trains offer different classes of travel: the First Class AC, Air-conditioned coaches which are 2-tier or 3-tier, First Class, the Sleeper class, AC Chair car/Seater Class and General or unreserved. The fare list varies according to the facilities provided. Trains are the most reliable and fastest means of transport at affordable rates. Some of the fastest trains in India are the Shatabdi Express, Rajdhani Express, and Duronto Express which compete with the low-cost airlines of the country. Every year railway takes up safety measures and introduces new trains in different regions to accommodate the growing number of passengers.
The rail journeys are ever exciting and are truly an experience of the rich tradition and culture of India. Almost 70% of the income for the railway is contributed by the freight sector. It transports all kinds of goods like fertilizers, petrochemicals, agricultural produce, mineral ores, and many more. It also transports vehicles to any long-distance destination.
Indian Railways has been extremely successful in contributing to the growth in the tourism sector. It has been an overwhelming host to all the visitors. The luxurious trains in India are Deccan Odyssey, Maharaja Express, Palace on Wheels, The Golden Chariot, Royal Orient Train, Royal Rajasthan on Wheels, and Fairy Queen, which is the pride of India and holds a record for being the oldest working locomotive in the world. You can expect an amazing royal treat on board with a blend of Indian heritage and hospitality. The best way to explore incredible India is by rail journey.
Different Types of Trains in India
There are many types of trains which are operated by Indian railways and we are going to give you information about those trains over here.
Special Trains are not permanent as they were launched on a temporary basis just to handle the huge traffic during the summer holiday and festival season. Special Trains number start with zero digits.
Covid-19 Special Trains
Covid-19 Special Trains were introduced by Indian railways during the pandemic to carry the passengers stuck in the cities to their native places. Indian Railways had suspended all the regular trains to avoid risk of spreading the COVID 19 but started COVID 19 special trains to serve the passenger. Ticket for these trains can be booked 120 days in advance.
Train 18 Vande Bharat Express
Vande Bharat Express is a semi-high-speed fully air-conditioned daytime train with the capability of running at the utmost speed of 200 km/h. It's also known as Train 18, started its operations on 15 February 2019. These trains offer various modern facilities such as odour control systems, sensor-based water taps, bottle holders, on-board Wi-Fi, CCTV cameras, and bio-toilets.
Humsafar Express is premium trains with AC 3-tier and sleeper class accommodation. Humsafar trains are equipped with all the modern facilities including CCTV surveillance, charging ports, bio-toilets, advanced GPS tracking system, reading lights, LED screens which display passing by stations and train speed, etc.
The Rajdhani Express is one of the oldest trains operated by Indian Railways that connects the national capital to various other states of the country. It's a fully air-conditioned superfast long-distance train that runs at the top speed of 130–140 km/h. At present, 24 pairs of Rajdhani trains running in the country.
Shatabdi Express are superfast daytime trains that complete their journey on the same day. The Shatabdi trains run at the top speed of 150 km/h. It operates for short to medium distances with limited stops. It provides only an AC chair car seating facility. As of now, 25 pairs of Shatabdi trains are operated by Indian Railways.
Tejas Express trains are semi-high-speed air-conditioned chair car trains. It has only two classes of travel which are executive chair car (EC) and AC chair car (CC). It's India's first private train which is operated by IRCTC. It can run at a maximum speed of 200 km/h. It has several onboard modern facilities such as tea and coffee vending machines, LED TV for the individual traveler, celebrity chef menu, free Wi-Fi, CCTV Cameras, charging sockets, etc.
Duronto Express is known as the fastest train in our country. It's a nonstop premium long-distance train that doesn't halt at any station during the journey except at the technical spots.
Antyodaya Express had started its operations on 4 March 2017. These trains are completely unreserved and run on crowded routes to ease congestion. You don't need to reserve a ticket in advance, buy the ticket whenever you want to board the train.
Passenger trains offer economical train travel to the Indian train passengers. It connects small towns, villages, and cities to metropolitan cities. Passenger trains halt at almost every station on the route and can run at the max speed of 40–80 km/h.
Garib Rath Express
Garib Rath Express Trains are series of economical air-conditioned long-distance trains which offer train travel at affordable fare. Passengers gets AC chair car seating facility only as there are no berths in Garib Rath trains. These trains runs at the top speed of 130 km/h.
Double Decker Express
Double Decker Express trains are superfast express trains for day time travel which offer bi-level seating accommodation to the Indian Train passengers.
Uday Express are fully air-conditioned double-decker trains for business travelers with a seating capacity of 120 per coach. Uday Express can run at the top speed of 110 km/h.
Jan Shatabdi Express
Jan Shatabdi Express trains are a more affordable version of the Shatabdi Express. It runs at the top speed of 130 km/h and like Shatabdi, it also completes its journey on the same day. Jan Shatabdi trains offer AC and Non-AC seating facilities.
Sampark Kranti Express
Sampark Kranti Express trains are Non-AC high-speed express trains that connect the capital of India to other major cities of the country. It runs at the top of 130 km/h and stops at major stations only.
Suvidha Express is a series of premium express trains that follows dynamic fare pricing. You can book the ticket for these trains only through IRCTC. The advance reservation period for Suvidha trains is 15 days and only confirmed tickets will be booked. You are not allowed to cancel your e-tickets.
AC Express trains are completely air-conditioned high-speed trains that connect various important cities of the country. It takes limited stops and can run at the top speed of 130 km/h.
Mail Express Trains
Express/Mail trains halt at only major stations, unlike passenger trains it doesn't stop at all the stations on the route. Express trains can run at the speed of 130 km/h.
Superfast trains make fewer stoppages than ordinary passenger trains. Superfast trains can run at the max permissible speed of 160 km/h. The superfast surcharge will be added to the tickets for these trains.
AC Superfast Trains
AC Superfast Trains are completely air-conditioned rail services operated by the Indian railway. These trains have the highest priority over the regular passenger and mail trains on the tracks. It doesn't halt at the smaller stations in order to reduce the travel time. Passengers will get the bedroll for free when traveling with AC Superfast.
The Mountain Railways of India are the train lines that were built in the hilly region of India and provide train services to the mountain areas. There are seven mountain railways in our country and three of them are declared as a world heritage by UNESCO.
The Mumbai Suburban Railway is also known as Mumbai Local Train is one of the busiest emu railway networks in the world. It operates approximately 2350 trains and carries more than 8 million commuters daily basis.
Chennai Local Train
The Chennai Suburban Railway third-busiest commuter rail system after Mumbai and Kolkata. Chennai Local Train operates around 1,000 train services in a day.
Kolkata Local Trains
The Kolkata Suburban Railway is a commuter rail system that operates almost 1500 train services and serves more than 3.5 million passengers on daily basis. Kolkata Local Trains serves the metropolitan area of the city and is the largest railway network in India.
Hyderabad MMTS is a commuter rail system that serves almost 2.5 lacs, passengers, on daily basis. Hyderabad suburban rail service started its operation on 9 August 2003.
Pune Local Trains
The Pune Suburban Railway is also known as Pune Local is a commuter rail system that connects suburbs to the semi-urban and rural areas of Pune. Pune Local carries around 1 lac commuters on daily basis and is controlled by the Central Railway.
DEMU trains are widely used by the passengers who travel on daily basis in semi-urban and rural areas of India.
Delhi Local Trains
Delhi Suburban Railway is also known as Delhi Local Trains is a commuter rail service operated by Northern Railway of India. It uses the tracks of long-distance trains and caters its service in Delhi as well as adjoining districts of the capital.
MEMU Trains uses multiple electrical units for operating on railway tracks and it serves short and medium-distance routes.